Bone mets, also known as bone metastasis, can occur when cancer cells transfer from a tumor to the bone, which is a typical site for metastases. Type of cancers that usually spread to the bone can include the following:
- Prostate cancer
- Breast cancer
- Lung cancer
A few ways to detect bone mets is to perform an xray, bone scan, positron emission tomography (PET) scan, or computed tomography (CT) scan. Biopsy can also be performed to confirm the diagnosis or when the previously mentioned tests are not conclusive.
Treatments for bone mets are treatment of the underlying primary disease (with chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, etc) or radiation therapy if indicated.
Treatments for bone mets include:
- Hormone therapy
- Radiation therapy