Immuno-oncology is a specific form of immunotherapy that is targeted to fight cancer. Immuno-oncology uses the human body’s immune system to fight cancer.

The immune system functions to detect cancerous cells when they form, and attack the cells by triggering an immune response. This response involves numerous different types of immune cells.

Various treatments have been developed to activate the immune system in patients with cancer to target the cancerous cells more aggressively. Such treatments that stimulate the immune system are grouped into categories:

  • Monoclonal antibodies
  • Checkpoint blockers
  • Cancer vaccines
  • Chimeric antigen reception (CAR) T-cell therapy