Neoadjuvant is a type of initial therapy used to shrink the tumor in patients with cancer before the main treatment, which is usually surgery. In the treatment of cancer, neoadjuvant therapy is an increasingly popular practice and provides advantages including improved local control and sparing nearby organs. In patients with breast cancer, it may allow a woman to become a candidate for a lumpectomy where she otherwise may have required a mastectomy. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy has, in fact, become a standard of care for treating specific types of cancer. Different types of neoadjuvant therapies include:

  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Hormone therapy